Title and statement of responsibility area
Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Sarcee Indian Agency fonds
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- Source of title proper: Title based on contents of records.
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Dates of creation area
1877-1944, predominant 1882-1917. (Creation)
- Sarcee Indian Agency
Physical description area
1.5 m of textual records.
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The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. The Sarcee (Tsuu T'ina) Indian Agency, situated southwest of Calgary and at Morley, Alberta in the Treaty 7 region, consisted of the Sarcee and Stoney reserves. Indian agents included Norman Thomas Macleod (1880-1881), C.E. Denny (1882-1883), S.B. Lucas (1884), W.C. de Balinhard (1886-1887), F.C. Cornish (1887-1890), S.B. Lucas (1891-1896), A.J. McNeill (1897-1906, 1908-1911), J. Hollies (1907) and T.J. Fleetham (1912-1918). After 1918, the agency had two agent positions: in Calgary (Sarcee), agents were William Gordon (1919-1922), T.F. Murray, M.D. (1923-1947) and M. McLeod (1948); in Morley (Stoney), agents were E.H. Yeomans (1918-1923), Robert Pringle (1924-1928), R. Hinton (1930-1933), Dr. W.B. Murray (1934-1940) and J.N.R. Iredale (1941-1947).
Name of creator
The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / by Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. Treaty 4, the Qu'Appelle Treaty, was signed in 1874 by Cree and Saulteaux in 195,000 square kilometres in part of western Manitoba and most of southern Saskatchewan. Treaty 6, the Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt Treaty, was signed in 1876 by Plains and Woodland Cree in 312,000 square kilometres of central Saskatchewan and Alberta. Treaty 7, the Blackfoot Treaty, was signed in 1877 by Blackfoot (Siksika), Blood, Peigan, Sarcee (Tsuu T'ina) and Stoney in 130,000 square kilometres of southern Alberta and a corner of southwestern Saskatchewan. Under the provisions of these treaties, an annual payment was to be made at the rate of $25 to each chief, $15 to up to four councillors per band, and $5 to every other Indian man, woman, and child.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of general correspondence and some relating to mission schools, grazing of stock, and rations; letter registers; official diaries (1913-1916); reports relating to farming, schools and medicine; ration books; vouchers, receipts and ledgers; annuity pay list (1877); passes to leave the reserve; census and death registers; and a visitors' book of people who visited the agency (1903-1929).
Immediate source of acquisition
Gift of Sarcee Indian Agency and Tsuu T'Ina Nation, 1956-1998, and Hugh Dempsey, 2010.
Language of material
- The material is in English.
Script of material
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No restrictions on access.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.
Other Sarcee Indian Agency records are held by the National Archives. Microfilm copies are available at Glenbow.
Record No. M-379;M-1837;M-1838;M-1839;M-1845;M-1846;M-1847;M-2232;M-2476;M-2791;M-4410;M-7449;M-8635;M-9450<br><br>
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- Sarcee Indian Agency (Subject)
- Canada. Department of Indian Affairs (Subject)