Title and statement of responsibility area
Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Battleford Indian Agency fonds
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- Source of title proper: Title based on contents of records.
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Edition statement of responsibility
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Statement of scale (cartographic)
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1884-1944, predominant 1910-1928 (Creation)
- Battleford Indian Agency
Physical description area
3.5 m of textual records
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Archival description area
Name of creator
The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. The Battleford Indian Agency, situated west of North Battleford, Saskatchewan in the Treaty 6 region, consisted of Cree and Stoney reserves including the Moosomin, Poundmaker, Red Pheasant, Sweet Grass, Thunderchild, Little Pine, Mosquito, Grizzly Bear's Head, Lean Man, and Lucky Man reserves. Indian agents have included M.G. Dickieson (1879), W.L. Orde (1880), Hayter Reed (1881-1882), J.M. Rae (1883-1885), J.A. Mackay (1886-1887), P.J. Williams (1888-1896), C.M. Daunais (1897-1900), W. Chisholm (1901), J.P.G. Day (1902-1911), J.A. Rowland (1912-1919), S.L. McDonald (1920- 1939), J.P.B. Ostrander (1940-1945), and C.S. Bell (1946-1948).
Name of creator
The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / by Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. Treaty 4, the Qu'Appelle Treaty, was signed in 1874 by Cree and Saulteaux in 195,000 square kilometres in part of western Manitoba and most of southern Saskatchewan. Treaty 6, the Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt Treaty, was signed in 1876 by Plains and Woodland Cree in 312,000 square kilometres of central Saskatchewan and Alberta. Treaty 7, the Blackfoot Treaty, was signed in 1877 by Blackfoot (Siksika), Blood, Peigan, Sarcee (Tsuu T'ina) and Stoney in 130,000 square kilometres of southern Alberta and a corner of southwestern Saskatchewan. Under the provisions of these treaties, an annual payment was to be made at the rate of $25 to each chief, $15 to up to four councillors per band, and $5 to every other Indian man, woman, and child.
These records were rescued by Doug Light from the basement of the Battleford post office building where the agency had previously had offices. He stored them in his father's house until they were transferred to the Glenbow in 1960.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of agency, medical and monthly reports; letterbooks, employee and school correspondence; agents' diaries (1912-1915, 1918, 1932, 1935-1939, 1941-1944); farm instructors' diaries (1911-1913, 1916-1917, 1943); reserve ledgers; registers of births and deaths; ration lists; annuity pay lists; and farming records.
Immediate source of acquisition
Gift of Doug Light, 1960.
Language of material
- The material is in English.
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
Also available on microfilm.
Restrictions on access
No restrictions on access.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.
Other Battleford Indian Agency records are held by the National Archives.
Record No. M 1781;M 1827;M 4449;BE Battleford<br><br>